The M-3 could have also remained a one-of-a-kind machine (its development was not officially sanctioned by the government), had it not been for the academician Viktor Amazaspovich Ambartsumian. Upon his arrival in Moscow in 1954, he asked his friend Andronick Gevondovich Iosifian, Director of the All-Union Soviet Scientific Research Institute of Electro-mechanics [today the Vserossiskii nauchno-isledovatel’skii institut elektromekhaniki, or VNIIEM], to help him obtain a computer for the Armenian Academy of Sciences. Iosifian turned to Brook, and the two of them agreed to manufacture three M-3s at the Institute of Electro-mechanics, which had its own manufacturing facility. One computer was to be built for the Institute of Electro Mechanics, one for the Yerevan Institute of Mathematics of the Armenian Academy of Sciences, and another for Korolev’s space program. They formed a joint group of specialists: Matyuhin (from Brook’s laboratory), Boris Moiseevich Kagan, George Petrovich Lopato (from Iosifian’s Institute), and others. In 1956, the first of the M-3’s was fine-tuned and presented to the State Commission, together with technical documentation required for industrial mass- production.

…Because the M-3 was actually a self-initiated project, independent of any state plans, the State Commission headed by Bruevich and assisted by Shura-Bura showed its true character by not wanting to acknowledge this computer, claiming that it was “born illegitimately.” Although they did eventually accept it, two years went by without it’s going into mass production. During this time, the Yerevan Institute of Mathematical Machines was founded and began producing its own computers using our documentation for the M-3. 27 At the same time, the first industrial computer factory in Minsk, Belarus, was built, but had nothing to produce. The factory managers learned that Iosifian had a model of a computer but nobody had given him permission to make it. Only then were the M-3’s documents transferred from the Institute of Electro Mechanics to the factory in Minsk and the M-3 computer became the basis for computer manufacturing in Yerevan and Minsk.


#book #quote #computing #yerevan

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

When you stand in front of someone (with your car) and you horn at that person, … In my opinion, it’s like pointing a loaded gun. It is a threat. One you probably wouldn’t execute, but that is also one of the biggest uses op weapons: threaten. The victim never knows for sure what you are going to do…

from comment by @{Eddie G ;} under this post. #quote #threaten #weapon

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

From a software engineering point of view, of course, a program must “work” according to its specifications. But this is not sufficient. The manner in which it is designed and written is as important as whether the program works. The ease with which the software can be changed to upgrade performance, meet additional specifications, or rectify errors that are later discovered is directly related to the quality of design and implementation. The “hot-shot” programmer who can quickly throw together cryptic lines of code that only he or she can understand is of questionable value. The programmer who boasts of using clever tricks to reduce the total number of lines of code has probably missed the point. Computer memory is relatively cheap, whereas the modification of software (a process greatly enhanced by program clarity) is generally expensive. Thus, given a choice between a little less economy of code or greater program clarity, the latter is often preferred.

From the ‘Software Engineering with Modula-2 and Ada’ by Wiener and Sincovec.

#programming #modula-2 #ada #wiener #sincovec #quote

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

Marx taught that luxury is as much a vice as poverty and that our goal should be to be much, not to have much. (I refer here to the real Marx, the radical humanist, not to the vulgar forgery presented by Soviet communism.) Erich Fromm, “To have or to be” #erich-fromm #fromm #marx #philosophy #psychology #socialism #communism #bourgeois #future #values #quote #ussr

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

If you are bored and disgusted by politics and don’t bother to vote, you are in effect voting for the entrenched Establishments of the two major parties, who please rest assured are not dumb, and who are keenly aware that it is in their interests to keep you disgusted and bored and cynical and to give you every possible reason to stay at home doing one-hitters and watching MTV on primary day. By all means stay home if you want, but don’t bullshit yourself that you’re not voting. In reality, there is no such thing as not voting: you either vote by voting, or you vote by staying home and tacitly doubling the value of some Diehard’s vote.

― David Foster Wallace, Up, Simba!

#quote #elections

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)