In one study that set out to investigate this question, young chimps observed a researcher using a stick to retrieve candy from a clear plastic box, employing both effective and ineffective motions. The chimps quickly discerned the candy-releasing moves and proceeded to repeat only those. Four-year-old children who watched the same demonstration, however, imitated the entire routine, including the unnecessary moves. The children seemed to put their trust in the experimenter and thus invest some magical significance or “blind faith” in actions of no practical value—perhaps a symptom of the human predisposition for superstition, de Waal posits.

The ease with which our brain suspends reality—call it irrationality, imagination or faith—has been crucial to the development of religion in human culture, according to de Waal, a respected primatologist and avowed atheist.

https://www.scientificamerican.com/article/mind-reviews-bonobo-and-atheist/#

#religion #atheism #study #research #bonobo

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

I was searching for this film since I noticed it was cited in one youtube video, which did not mention the origin. google images, tineye, etc search did not reveal anything. after several weeks i’ve repeated the search. google brought only one link to the xml file, which was generated just in the late october and contains links to 791 screenshots.

after a couple of unsuccessful tries to extract only images list from the file with xmlstarlet, i decided to switch to more known to me tools. eventually this, of course far from being the optimal, way helped:

wget https://halfacanyon.com/sitemap.xml

cat sitemap.xml | sed -ne '/<image:loc>/s#\s*<[^>]*>\s*##gp' | sed -e 's/http/\nhttp/g' | sed -e 's/jpg/jpg\n/g' | grep jpg > images.list

mkdir img
cd img

wget -i ../images.list

Then I’ve looked through all downloaded files and vouala, the film is called ‘the son’s room’.

Why did this part drawn my attention?

It looks like photos I imagine and would like to make. I believe that the normal state (normality42) of human being is sadness, and loneliness. This is conditioned by human existence/experience. In particular because he lives among other humans, and that’s the best destiny he can have. (:

I also believe that the most authentic way of human connection is sharing sadness, not sharing fun.

I tend to dislike photos with smiling people. It makes me surprised each and every time, when I take for a walk western friends, and they readily prepare the smile when I point camera to them. I guess this is more deep and unconscious way of hypocrisy. To show they have fun. To show that they feel excellent. (Which, by the way may make their facebook friends even more sad, because it looks like everyone around is having fun, but only them are not). I believe that if person usually feels good, then the person doesn’t understand many things or is delusional. (Is this why we need alcohol, to make us less rational and more happy at the same time? Douglas Adams claims to get normality we have to use tea?). Well, this is completely okay and legal to feel happy all the time.

The question is what am I doing around the happy ones? Not may way of connection. (:

#photography #film #screenshot #script #sed #research #cinema #frame #normality #people #shining

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

Social media have provided instrumental means of communication in many recent political protests. The efficiency of online networks in disseminating timely information has been praised by many commentators; at the same time, users are often derided as “slacktivists” because of the shallow commitment involved in clicking a forwarding button. Here we consider the role of these peripheral online participants, the immense majority of users who surround the small epicenter of protests, representing layers of diminishing online activity around the committed minority. We analyze three datasets tracking protest communication in different languages and political contexts through the social media platform Twitter and employ a network decomposition technique to examine their hierarchical structure. We provide consistent evidence that peripheral participants are critical in increasing the reach of protest messages and generating online content at levels that are comparable to core participants. Although committed minorities may constitute the heart of protest movements, our results suggest that their success in maximizing the number of online citizens exposed to protest messages depends, at least in part, on activating the critical periphery. Peripheral users are less active on a per capita basis, but their power lies in their numbers: their aggregate contribution to the spread of protest messages is comparable in magnitude to that of core participants. An analysis of two other datasets unrelated to mass protests strengthens our interpretation that core-periphery dynamics are characteristically important in the context of collective action events. Theoretical models of diffusion in social networks would benefit from increased attention to the role of peripheral nodes in the propagation of information and behavior.

The Critical Periphery in the Growth of Social Protests

link | pdf

via @{Արգելիոն Argelion ; aragev@spyurk.am}

#paper #protest #twitter #social_media #internet #research

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

By analysing signalling messages exchanged during a WhatsApp call using an Android device, the researchers were able to closely examine the authentication process of WhatsApp clients; discover what codec WhatsApp is using for voice media streams (Opus at 8 or 16 kHz sampling rates); understand how relay servers are announced and the relay election mechanism; and understand how clients announce their endpoint addresses for media streams.

A paper about the study, entitled WhatsApp Network Forensics: Decrypting and Understanding WhatsApp Call Signaling Messages, was published in the scholarly journal Digital Investigation. The article was co-authored by F. Karpisek of Brno University of Technology in the Czech Republic, and Ibrahim Baggili and Frank Breitinger, co-directors of the Cyber Forensics Research & Education Group at the University of New Haven.

http://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/10/27/whatsapp_forensic_analysis/

via John van Gils.

#whatsapp #android #research #opus #reverse_engineering #forensic

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

he came to our room and asked what can i or my co-workers suggest as a theme for his phd researh. they became excited and got engaged in the process of inventing a research topic.

i think making someone’s homework is not as bad as suggesting a research topic. and asking for one is the same as asking what he should write about, if he’s a writer, or what should he paint, if he’s a painter. you’ve got the idea.

and what’s even more amazing is that he didn’t even think that asking questions like that, and especially answering that questions is not something fair.

i mentioned that i do not ask for themes for my photo or IT projects because i do what i am interested in. i didn’t even think ‘what to do?’. if i remember it right he said that i am hypocrytical, because i talk about free software, but keep my ideas away from others. sigh.

#homework #research #relationships #people

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)

very interesting resource for those who are interested in compilers: http://turbopascal.org/turbo-pascal-internals

#internals #compiler #source #code #programming #compilers #pascal #turbo_pascal #book #analysis #reverse_engineering #research

բնօրինակ սփիւռքում(եւ մեկնաբանութիւննե՞ր)